Introduction & Overview

The Under Graduate-Common Law Admission Test (UG-CLAT), focuses on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities of candidates. It is a test designed to test necessary aptitude and skills required for legal education rather than prior knowledge, though prior knowledge occasionally may be useful to respond to questions in the Current Affairs section. The UG-CLAT is a 2-hour examination, with 150 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each with 0.25 negative marking for every wrong answer. Questions are asked from the following subjects: English Language, Current Affairs, including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning and Quantitative Techniques Eligibility

There is no upper age limit for attempting UG-CLAT. The minimum percentage of marks in the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2 or an equivalent examination), are as follows: Forty five percent (45%) marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to General / OBC / PWD / NRI / PIO / OCI categories. Forty Percent (40%) marks or equivalent in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories. The result of the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission failing which the candidate shall be ineligible for admission to the Course.

Pattern & Syllabus

English Language

In this section you will be provided with passages of about 450 words each. These passages are derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing, and are of standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, including your abilities to: reading and comprehending the core point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage; draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage; summarise the passage; compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage and understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.

Current Affairs & General Knowledge

In this section, passages are asked up to 450 words each. The passages are derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.

Each passage is followed by a series of questions that requires you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including: contemporary events of significance from India and the world; arts and culture; international affairs and historical events of continuing significance.

Legal Reasoning

In this section passages are asked of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. Any prior knowledge of law is not required. However, one could benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios. Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to: identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage; apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

Logical Reasoning

This section includes a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage is followed by one or more questions that will require you to: recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions; read and identify the arguments set out in the passage; critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence; infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations; draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

Quantitative Techniques

This section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information. The questions will require you to: derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.


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